DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20213259

Prevalence of intestinal parasites and its association factors, knowledge, attitude and practice about intestinal parasite Saint Peter TB specialized hospital Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Birhanu K. Muleta, Asmare M. Wube, Yeabkal D. Teka, Mistre W. Gebre, Biruk Z. Zerfu

Abstract


Background: Intestinal parasitic infections and HIV/AIDS have been the leading and persisting public health problems in the world. There vital causes of morbidity and mortality are remarkably high in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients attending Saint Peter hospital from December 2019 to May 2020. A total of 328 participants were select by using convenient sampling method. Socio-demographic data and knowledge, attitude and practice were collected using a structured questioner. Stool specimen was collected using clean container and processed and analyzed for parasitological examination using direct wet mount, formal-ether sedimentation and modified Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining techniques. Venous blood was collected and the CD4+ T-lymphocyte and hemoglobin analyzed by Presto instrument. The data were analyzed by using SPSS version 23 and p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results: A total of 328 HIV-positive individuals (59.8% female) of age ranging from 13-72 years (mean=41.8, SD=10.8) participated in this study. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites among the study participants was 26.2% (86/328), from this 88.4% (76/86) was infected by single parasite. IP was significantly associated with CD4 count <200 AOR (4.736 CI: 2.338-9.594; p<0.001) and also anemia AOR (3.271 CI: 1.069-10.010).

Conclusions: Intestinal parasitic infections are still common health problems among HIV/ADIS patients in the study area, so the health professionals need to give attention to parasitological examinations in the routine treatment of HIV/AIDS patients and also give education on these three parts knowledge, attitude and practice, but more focus and follow up on the practice of HIV/AIDS patients on transmission, prevention and control mechanisms of intestinal parasitosis.


Keywords


Intestinal parasite, HIV/AIDS, Saint Peter TB specialized hospital, Ethiopia

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References


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