DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20214493

Sociodemographic determinants of internet use and its impact on family planning behavior among young male in Ethiopia: evidence from EDHS 2016

Kedir Abdu Yesuf

Abstract


Background: Internet was preferred source of health information to retrieve relevant information. The study investigated sociodemographic determinants of internet and its impact on family planning behavior among young male in Ethiopia, 2016.

Methods: The study was based on data from Ethiopia health and demographic survey 2016. The sample size was 4550 male youth age between 15-24 years include in EDHS 2016. Multilevel logistic regression was used to determine sociodemographic factor associated with internet utilization. The impact of internet use on family planning behaviors was assessed by propensity score matching using average treatment effect.

Results: The magnitude of internet use in Ethiopia was 14% and factor associated with internet use included age between 20-24 years (AOR=0.60; CI=0.46-0.79), urban resident (AOR=3.94; CI=2.75-5.64), higher educational level (AOR=12.98; CI=2.69-62.66), lived in city administrative region (AOR=2.18; CI=1.46-3.28), respondent own mobile phone (AOR=8.00; CI=95.58-11.48), respondent who able to read whole sentence (AOR=4.04; CI=2.54-6.44) and respondent who has computer in household (AOR=2.03, CI=1.22-3.40) more likely to use internet. In other hand respondent occupation of agricultural and manual has 56% (AOR=0.44; CI=0.3-0.61) and 46% (AOR=54, CI=0.36-0.81) less likely to use internet. The average treatment impact of internet use on exposure to internet about FP, male condom uses and knowledge about FP increase by 12%, 7.2% and 4.5% percent point respectively.

Conclusions: In spite of fast-growing nature of internet and popularity among youth people. In the future, integrating health information to different platforms on the internet will be a most effective way of health promotion.


Keywords


Contraceptive, Ethiopia, Male

Full Text:

PDF

References


Statistics. Global internet penetration rate as of January 2020, by region. January 2020. Available at: https://www.statista.com/statistics/617136/ digital-population-worldwide/. Accessed on 2 July 2021.

Gupta, B, Quamara M. An overview of internet of things (IoT): architectural aspects, challenges, and protocols. Concurr Computat Pract Exp. 2020;32(21):4946.

Gardner J, Lehnert K. What's new about new media? How multi-channel networks work with content creators. Business Horizon. 2016;59(3):293-302.

Internet World Stats. Fact sheet: World internet users and 2020 population stats, 2020. Available at: https://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm. Accessed on 25 September 2021.

Michael Aaron Dennis, e., Internet. 2020. Available at: https://www.britannica.com/technology/Internet Accessed on 2 July 2021.

Digital 2020: Ethiopia. Fact sheet: Internet users in Ethiopia, 2020. Available at: https://datareportal.com/reports/digital-2020-ethiopia. Accessed on 25 September 2021.

Adil A. Institutional and technological impediments in usage of information and communication technologies for digitally driven health seeking regimes among educated youth of Lahore, Pakistan. Pak J Soc Sci. 2020;40(1).

Medimurec L. Responsible use of the internet for elementary school youth. Available at: https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=Medimurec+L.+Responsible+use+of+the+internet+for+elementary+school+youth.&btnG=#d=gs_cit&u=%2Fscholar%3Fq%3Dinfo%3Af1_i9-ggpNkJ%3Ascholar.google.com%2F%26output%3Dcite%26scirp%3D0%26hl%3Den Accessed on 25 September 2021.

Markham CM. Internet-based delivery of evidence-based health promotion programs among American Indian and Alaska native youth: a case study. JMIR Res Protocol. 2016;5(4):225.

Zhao Y, Zhang J. Consumer health information seeking in social media: a literature review. Health Informat Lib J. 2017;34(4):268-83.

Lim MT, Lim YMF, Tong SF, Sivasampu S, et al. Age, sex and primary care setting differences in patients’ perception of community healthcare seeking behaviour towards health services. PloS One. 2019;14(10):0224260.

Bulman G, Fairlie RW. Technology and education: computers, software, and the internet. Handbook of the economics of education. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016: 239-80.

Gholamhosseini L. Health internet of things: strengths, weakness, opportunity, and threats. Int Confer Web Res. 2019.

Ray PP. A survey on internet of things architectures. J King Saud Univ Comp Informat Sci. 2018;30(3):291-319.

DelGiudice P, Bravo G, Poletto M, Odorico AD, Conte A, Brunelli L, et al. Correlation between eHealth literacy and health literacy using the eHealth literacy scale and real-life experiences in the health sector as a proxy measure of functional health literacy: cross-sectional web-based survey. J Med Inter Res. 2018;20(10):281.

Hanseth O, Bygstad B. Flexible generification: ICT standardization strategies and service innovation in health care. Eur J Informat Syst. 2015;24(6):645-63.

Nulhakim I, Samosir OB. The effects of internet access on contraceptive use in indonesia (intercensal population survey data analysis of 2015). 2nd International conference on indonesian economy and development. Atlantis Press; 2017.

Downes PK. An introduction to the internet. Br Dent J. 2007;202(5):255-8.

Ngiam KY, Khor W. Big data and machine learning algorithms for health-care delivery. Lancet Oncol. 2019;20(5):262-73.

Bujnowska-Fedak MM, Waligóra J, Mastalerz-Migas A. The internet as a source of health information and services. Advancement Innovation Health Sci. 2019:1-16.

Hämeen-Anttila K, Pietilä K, Pylkkänen L, Pohjanoksa-Mäntylä M. Internet as a source of medicines information (MI) among frequent internet users. Res Soc Administr Pharma. 2018;14(8):758-64.

Fehring RJ, Schneider M, Raviele K, Rodriguez D, Pruszynski J. Randomized comparison of two Internet-supported fertility-awareness-based methods of family planning. Contraception. 2013;88(1):24-30.

Park E, Kwon M. Health-related internet use by children and adolescents: systematic review. J Med Inter Res. 2018;20(4):120.

Mbizvo MT, Phillips SJ Family planning: choices and challenges for developing countries. Best Pract Res Clinic Obstetr Gynaecol. 2014;28(6):931-43.

Lewis N, Martinez LS. Information seeking as a predictor of risk behavior: testing a behavior and risk information engagement model (BRIE). J Health Communicat. 2020;25(6):474-83.

Kriel Y, Milford C, Cordero J, Suleman F, Beksinska M, Steyn P. Male partner influence on family planning and contraceptive use: perspectives from community members and healthcare providers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Reproduct Health. 2019;16(1):89.

Chetry N. Involvement of men in family planning in low-and middle-income countries. 2020.

Ross J, Hardee K. Use of male methods of contraception worldwide. J Biosoc Sci. 2017;49(5):648-63.

Hardee K, Croce-Galis M, Gay J. Are men well served by family planning programs? Reproduct Health. 2017;14(1):14.

Sultan S. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of family planning methods among married men and women. J Women Health. 2018;7(3):2.

Saillour-Glénisson F, Duhamel S, Fourneyron E, Huiart L, Joseph JP, Langlois E, et al. Protocole of a controlled before-after evaluation of a national health information technology-based program to improve healthcare coordination and access to information. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17(1):297.

Csace I. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016: HIV report. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: CSA and ICF; 2018.

CSA, Population projections for Ethiopia: 2007–2037. 2013, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Population Census Commission Addis. Available at: https://scholar.google.com/scholar ?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=CSA%2C+Population+projections+for+Ethiopia%3A+2007%E2%80%932037.+2013%2C+Federal+Democratic+Republic+of+Ethiopia%2C+Population+Census+Commission+Addis.&btnG=. Accessed on 3 August 2021.

Wikipedia, Ethiopia. 2020. Available at: https://fp2030.org/sites/default/files/HSTP-II.pdf Accessed on 3 August 2021.

Ministry of Health-Ethiopia. The Ethiopian health sector transformation plan II. Available at: www.moh.gov.et/ejcc/am/node/152. Accessed on 25 September 2021.

Jupiter DC. Propensity score matching: retrospective randomization? J Foot Ankle Surg. 2017;56(2):417-20.

Austin PC, Jembere N, Chiu M. Propensity score matching and complex surveys. Statistic Method Med Res. 2018;27(4):1240-57.

Abadie A, Imbens GW. Matching on the estimated propensity score. Econometrica. 2016;84(2):781-807.

Daoud JI. Multicollinearity and regression analysis. J Phys. IOP Publishing; 2017.

Haftu GG. Information communications technology and economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: a panel data approach. Telecommunicat Policy. 2019;43(1):88-99.

Poushter J. Smartphone ownership and internet usage continues to climb in emerging economies. Pew Res Center. 2016;22(1):1-44.

Lera-López F, Billon M, Gil M. Determinants of Internet use in Spain. Economic Innovat New Technol. 2011;20(2):127-52.

Chiu W, Cho H. The role of technology readiness in individuals' intention to use health and fitness applications: a comparison between users and non-users. Asia Pac J Market Logistic. 2020.

Fil T, Ryan C. Computer and internet use in the united states, 2013. US Depart Commerce Economic Statistics Administration, US. 2014.

Odusanya K, Adetutu M. Exploring the determinants of internet usage in nigeria: a micro-spatial approach. Conference on e-Business, e-Services and e-Society. Springer; 2020.

Cena F, Rapp A, Torre I. Internet of things: an opportunity for advancing universal access. Web Accessibility. Springer; 2019: 777-90.

Al-Hammadany FH, Heshmati A. Determinants of internet use in Iraq. Int J Communicat. 2011;5:23.

Arua GN, Eze CO, Ukwuaba HO. Developing An informed, educated and empowered citizenry. Qualitat Quantitat Method Libr. 2019;8(3):345-55.

Calandro E, Wang R. Predictors of mobile internet usage in 10 African countries. 2012.

Marsh EJ, Rajaram S. The digital expansion of the mind: Implications of internet usage for memory and cognition. J Appl Res Memory Cognit. 2019;8(1):1-14.

Franklin WL. Method and system for localized data retrieval. Google Patents; 2018.

Bounsanga J, Voss MW, Crum AB, Hung M. The association between perceived health status and health information communication channels. J Health Communicat. 2016;21(11):1148-52.

Hardoff D. Health issues in adolescents' Internet use-benefits and risks. Georgian Med New. 2013;222:99-103.

Purdy CH. Using the internet and social media to promote condom use in Turkey. Reproduct Health Matter. 2011;19(37):157-65.